Jul 6 – 10, 2015
Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, Kraków
Europe/Warsaw timezone

Liquid-crystalline polymorphism of fatty acids esters with 4-nitroazobenzene derivatives

Jul 7, 2015, 6:30 PM
1h
Olimpia Conference Room (Crown Piast Hotel)

Olimpia Conference Room

Crown Piast Hotel

Board: 26

Speaker

Marta Podruczna (Faculty of Chemistry, University of Wroclaw)

Description

Contemporary LCD industry is still looking for new materials with very specific physical properties. The azobenzene moiety is very comfortable fragment in designing and synthesis of new structures, giving stable mesophase often with very interesting polymorphism. Additional useful property of azobenzenes for modern optics is their photosensitivity, which allows to design materials corresponding to light [1-3]. This communication will present the synthesis and characterization of two liquid crystal homologous series based on 4-nitroazobenzene. To obtain a homologous series of compounds corresponding phenols were esterified with aliphatic carboxylic acids with presence of dicyclohexylocarbodiimide. We examined and presented 30 calamitic compounds, 26 of them exhibit the presence of smectic A phase and/or nematic phase. Based on the polarization optical microscope observations and differential scanning calorimetric measurements we will discuss the impact of the length of acid moiety chain and number of aromatic rings for their liquid-crystalline properties. We checked the effect of irradiation for the trans-cis conformation of azobenzene moiety in tested derivatives. References [1] T. Ikeda, T. Sasaki, K. Ichimura, Nature 361, 428 (2003). [2] J. Mysliwiec, M. Czajkowski, S. Bartkiewicz, K. Zygadlo, Z. Galewski, B. Sahraoui, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98 (9), 081-105 (2011). [3] A. Sobolewska, J. Zawada, S. Bartkiewicz, Z. Galewski, J. Phys. Chem. C 117 (2013), 10051−10058.

Primary author

Marta Podruczna (Faculty of Chemistry, University of Wroclaw)

Co-author

Prof. Zbigniew Galewski (Faculty of Chemistry, University of Wroclaw)

Presentation materials