Jul 6 – 10, 2015
Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, Kraków
Europe/Warsaw timezone

Polymorphism and dynamics of neohexanols studied by NMR spectroscopy and relaxometry

Jul 9, 2015, 10:40 AM
20m
Crown Piast Hotel

Crown Piast Hotel

Speaker

Dr Claudia Forte (ICCOM-CNR, Pisa)

Description

Neohexanol (2,2-dimethyl-1-butanol, CH3CH2C(CH3)2CH2OH) and some of its isomers, differing for the positions of the OH and CH3 substituents, constitute a very interesting class of compounds showing a rich polymorphism with several solid-solid phase transitions. Indeed, due to their globular shape and to the possibility to associate through hydrogen bonds, at low temperatures they give rise to both plastic crystalline phases and glasses. In particular, some of these compounds show orientationally disordered crystals (ODIC) due to the ease of rotational motions of the molecules in the solid state [1]. Fast field cycling (FFC) NMR relaxometry is a very important technique for obtaining information on dynamic properties, allowing internal, overall and collective molecular motions to be investigated by means of measurement and analysis of 1H longitudinal relaxation times over a wide Larmor frequency range (10 kHz – 40 MHz). In particular, 1H FFC NMR relaxometry has been successfully applied in the study of motions related to the glass transition process in viscous liquids and polymers [2]. On the other hand, solid-state NMR spectroscopy is a very powerful technique for the study of dynamics, providing, through a combination of different experiments and observable nuclei, complementary information with respect to FFC NMR. In this work 1H FFC NMR relaxometry and solid-state 1H and 13C NMR experiments have been applied to neohexanol and three of its isomers (3,3-dimethyl-2-butanol, 2,3-dimethyl-2-butanol and 3,3-dimethyl-1-butanol) in the temperature range from -60 to 30 °C. In particular, 1H spin lattice relaxation times (T1) have been measured at Larmor frequencies from 10 kHz to 35 MHz with FFC techniques and at 400 MHz with Saturation-Recovery experiments. Moreover, static 2H and 13C NMR spectra have been recorded under 1H high-power decoupling. The spectroscopic and relaxation data acquired for the different isomers have been compared and analyzed to obtain information on the dynamic processes occurring in the different solid phases as well as to establish relationships between chemical structure and dynamic properties. References [1] E. Juszyńska, M. Massalska-Arodź, I. Natkaniec, J. Krawczyk Physica B, 403, 109-114 (2008); E. Juszyńska-Gałązka, P.M. Zieliński, M. Massalska-Arodź and J. Krawczyk Acta Phys. Pol. A, 124, 917-925 (2013). [2] D. Kruk, A. Herrmann, E. A. Rössler Prog. Nucl. Mag. Res. Sp. 63, 33-64 (2012).

Primary author

Dr Elisa Carignani (Dipartimento di Chimica e Chimica Industriale, Università di Pisa)

Co-authors

Dr Alessandro Mandoli (Dipartimento di Chimica e Chimica Industriale, Università di Pisa) Dr Claudia Forte (ICCOM-CNR, Pisa) Dr Ewa Juszynska-Galazka (Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, Kraków) Dr Lucia Calucci (ICCOM-CNR, Pisa) Prof. Marco Geppi (Dipartimento di Chimica e Chimica Industriale, Università di Pisa) Prof. Maria Massalska-Arodz (Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, Kraków)

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