Jul 6 – 10, 2015
Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, Kraków
Europe/Warsaw timezone

Polymorphism, structure and dynamics investigations of 4-n-heptyl-2’,3’-difluoro-4’-undecyloxybiphenyl and 4-n-heptyl-2’,3’-difluoro-4’-nonyloxybiphenyl

Jul 7, 2015, 6:30 PM
1h
Olimpia Conference Room (Crown Piast Hotel)

Olimpia Conference Room

Crown Piast Hotel

Board: 21

Speaker

Dr Ewa Juszyńska-Gałązka (Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, Kraków)

Description

4-n-heptyl-2’,3’-difluoro-4’-undecyloxybiphenyl (4HFDB) and 4-n-heptyl-2’,3’-difluoro-4’-nonyloxybiphenyl (4HFNB) are liquid crystalline compounds of chemical formula C7H15-C6H4-C6H2F2-O-C11H23 and C7H15-C6H4-C6H2F2-O-C9H19, respectively, i.e. they differ in the length of the alkyl chain. The latter appears to be strongly affecting their physicochemical properties. The crystal phase, when heated, melts to isotropic liquid at 315 K for 4HFDB and 307 K for 4HFNB. Upon cooling, we identify the following sequences (via DSC scans): IL (309.5 K) SmA for 4HFDB, and IL (303.9 K) N (302.5 K) SmA for 4HFNB. More detailed information on the changes in structure and dynamics of 4HFDB and 4HFNB at the phase transitions comes from X-Ray diffraction, polarizing microscopy and Fourier absorption infrared spectroscopy. Both compounds crystallize in orthorhombic structures (space group Pmmm) at RT. The a lattice parameter, closely related to the molecule length, was 29.9(1) Å for 4HFDB and 27.4(2) Å for 4HFNB. Both liquid mesogens are glass-formers and the glass transition temperature was observed about 210 K and 230 K for 4HFDB and 4HFNB, respectively. The vibration C-F mode is not an easy task to analyze due to a strong influence of other vibrations. Moreover, substitution of original hydrogens with fluorine causes a significant shift of bands towards higher frequencies. In order to interpret the experimental results of dynamics, calculations were carried out using Mopac and Dmol3 contained in the Materials Studio package.

Primary author

Dr Ewa Juszyńska-Gałązka (Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, Kraków)

Co-authors

Dr Andrzej Budziak (Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, Kraków) Mr Michał Kielian (Institute of Physics, Cracow University of Technology) Ms Natalia Kmieć (Institute of Physics, Cracow University of Technology) Dr Natalia Osiecka (Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, Kraków)

Presentation materials