Seminaria Instytutowe

The universal structure of mountain ranges in the world

by Prof. Jarosław Kwapień (IFJ PAN)




Mountains are one of the best known examples of natural fractals. On the one hand, the "roughness" characteristic of fractals is visible in the jagged outline of the ridge, and on the other hand, the ridge systems have a hierarchical, tree-like structure similar to many other fractal objects. This tree-like structure can be subject to fractal analysis and, after being transformed to a graph form, also to network analysis. This results in an interesting observation about the structural universality of mountain ranges in the world.